How is low back pain treated?

Due to work or hobbies, do you have to sit a lot in one position, or do you exercise a lot in the gym? Everything was fine before, but now you often have back and lower back pain? So maybe you should see a doctor for help? What causes back pain? Which doctor should I see and how do I deal with the pain? We will talk about this and more later in the article.

What causes the pain?

So, "What to do if your back hurts and what can cause it? ", let's take a closer look at this question. There could be more than enough reasons. The fact is that back and lower back pain can signal a number of diseases, both the spine itself and internal organs. This is due to the fact that the numerous nerve endings that surround all the internal organs originate from the spine. Therefore, according to the localization of pain in a particular area of the warts, we can talk about a number of specific diseases.


Cause it happened

What does lower back pain mean and which doctor should I contact? Both habits and illnesses can cause pain in the lower back. The first is:

  • Regular work sedentary. IT staff and drivers are at risk.
  • Continuous work on a regular basis.
  • Regular great physical activity. Athletes, especially weightlifters, are at risk.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • A separate risk group includes pregnant women and women who have just given birth.
  • Overweight.

As you can see, everything is simple with routine. As for the second case, frequent back pain may be caused by diseases. Here you can also list diseases of the spine itself and diseases where pain in the low back is only a symptom. Causes include degenerative bone disease, spondylolisthesis, herniated disc and protrusion of the eye.

Spinal hernia as a cause of back pain

The second group includes the following possible causes of back pain:

  • Fracture of the spine due to trauma.
  • Fracture due to osteoporosis.
  • A localized tumor in the spinal canal.
  • Prolonged muscle tension.
  • Narrow structure of the spinal canal (rare).
  • Various complications during pregnancy.
  • Various arthritis diseases such as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis.
  • Spinal deformities, eg, scoliosis, scoliosis, Scheuermann-Mau disease, kyphoscoliosis.
  • Spinal tuberculosis, osteomyelitis, discitis.
  • Urinary stones, pyelonephritis.
  • Ovarian cancer, endometriosis, ovarian cyst.

When should you see a doctor?

Mild back pain, which passes quickly and is the result of prolonged exertion, is normal. But if the lower back has been hurting for quite a long time or the pain is cyclical, then arises on its own, and then disappears, then alarm should be given. You also need to go to the hospital right away after a severe back injury. Understand that low back pain can be accompanied by foot or leg pain. In addition, part of the leg or buttocks may be numb. In this case, you are suffering from something serious and should see a doctor as soon as possible.

You yourself are not sure if you have self-diagnosed should go to the hospital, but which doctor should you go to? Some would tell an orthopedist, and some would say a more experienced neurologist. Both options are correct, however, it is more correct to turn to a neurologist, since the doctor himself will be able to accurately prescribe and conduct the entire process of diagnosing the disease. And in this case, the cause will be more precisely identified and there is every chance of a successful response. So, from the point of view of a neurologist, with pain in the lower back, based on the intensity and intensity of the pain, you can roughly determine the cause of its occurrence.

see a doctor for back pain


Acute low back pain in men and women is the result of recent trauma (fall, muscle strain, shock, sudden movement). Alternatively, it can be caused by working for long periods of time in an uncomfortable position or carrying and lifting heavy objects for long periods of time. And finally, don't forget about cold backs, due to hypothermia or prolonged exposure to drafts. Here you can easily cure low back pain with folk remedies.

Low back pain and disc displacement can be distinguished separately from common diseases. The disease is first acquired in people whose fields of activity involve constant heavy physical labor, which is why the lower back hurts in men. According to the people, this disease is called "low back pain". It usually stops on its own with rest or after a few days. However, it can easily take up to a month, so at least home treatment is needed to treat back pain.

pain in the lumbar spine

Acute and severe low back pain also manifests when the discs are displaced. The disease can be caused by various injuries, hard labor or a disease such as osteonecrosis. You will not be able to get medical treatment at home. Hospitalization and a complete diagnosis are required. It can even go as far as surgical intervention.

So hurt

Severe attacks differ from acute attacks in that they are more prolonged in nature and are the result of some type of disease involving the musculoskeletal system. These include sciatica and osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine. For them, the feeling of pain in the lower back when sneezing, coughing, sitting, walking, in other words, back pain during any movement. In addition, the lower extremities may be painful and they may even be numb. Here there is no need to run anymore, but to fly to the attending doctor for examination.

lower back pain in women


As a rule, the back can be painful due to strong tension of the spinal muscles. You can relieve low back pain simply by resting for a few hours. But you should not fly in the clouds, you need to be vigilant, because your back can hurt from severe hypothermia. Thus, a more chronic disease of myositis, in which the psoas muscles become inflamed, may develop. In this case, it is necessary to rest for a few days as well as know how to get rid of the pain.


Usually caused by degenerative spondylolisthesis. The main symptom of this disease is pain in the lower back that radiates to the buttocks or legs. Numbness of the lower extremities may also occur. Other diseases that cause similar symptoms include: cancer, impaired metabolism, ankylosing spondylitis.


Such painful sensations are not the result of a disease in the back, but rather the result of a disease of some organ penetrating the back region. This includes diseases of the pelvic organs of both men and women, as well as diseases of the colon, kidneys, pancreas, and various types of tumors.

How is the treatment done?

So how to get rid of low back pain? First, you should go to the hospital and make an appointment with a specialist for an examination. After the examination, the attending physician should send you for examination to confirm or deny the diagnosis he suspects. To find out what it might be, you may be asked to take an X-ray of your spine. Today, a more advanced method is used, called myelography.

This method allows you to examine in detail the paths to the spinal cord. Reveal all pathologies in the presence of a decrease in the intelligence level of the pathways. It is worth knowing that before the X-ray, you will be injected into the spinal cord with a syringe filled with xenon, which will highlight everything in the picture. This method is quite expensive, but very effective and almost always helps to find the cause of your back pain. In addition, MRI, ultrasound, ECG, and CT may be prescribed. In additional cases, other tests may be ordered, such as complete blood count, etc. v.

Doctor prescribes treatment for back pain


In most cases, medication is very good for back pain. It is aimed at relieving pain, eliminating and further suppressing inflammatory processes, improving blood circulation and renewing damaged tissues. Thus, after learning about the causes of lower back pain, we can have an overview of how to treat lower back pain.

Generally, all treatment can be divided into 3 phases, which are: initiation of treatment, treatment itself and end of treatment. At each stage, the drug can act as a dropper, as well as in block and injection form. Treating low back pain in its early stages involves eliminating the pain itself, reducing swelling and inflammation, reducing spasms, and relaxing the muscles. In the second stage, you need to completely eliminate the cause of the disease. Here, the processing is done mostly locally. Ointments, mixtures for compression are used. In addition, physical therapy is recommended.

The third phase consists of injections, which increase the regeneration of damaged tissues and nourish them with all the necessary ingredients. Thus, the full functionality of the segment is restored. At all stages, the choice of medication and therapy depends on your diagnosis and the choices of your attending physician. Self-medication is not recommended.

Physical therapy

Once the exact cause of the pain is determined, physical therapy can be applied. Based on their reasons, the following methods of treatment can be distinguished:

  • Supersonic.
  • Laser therapy.
  • Exposure to electric current, etc. v.

Physical therapy focuses more on how to treat back pain in its early stages. In the later stages of the disease, it may be recommended as an adjuvant treatment. The therapy you need should only be prescribed by the attending physician after the examination.

Surgical intervention

In the vast majority of cases, back pain will not require surgery. However, if you have had pain for a long time and over time they only get worse and you flatly refuse to consult your doctor, then this treatment may also work. In this case, most likely, general anesthesia will be used, where a mixture of solutions is used, to completely immobilize the patient. The operation plan itself will be developed by the surgeon based on the diagnostic data.

Folk method

To the question "How to relieve lower back pain? " traditional medicine can also answer. Here, depending on the severity of the pain symptoms, a variety of homemade ointments, lotions, etc. can be used. v. The main focus of such measures is to reduce pain and inflammation. In most cases, treating the lower back with folk remedies is just a first aid measure. If self-medication persists without knowing the main cause of the pain, the disease can be much worse. Next, a few folk remedies.

compression to treat back pain
  1. A gauze consisting of horseradish and grated radish mixed with sour cream is applied to the painful back. Viewed from the top, this is all covered by a paper towel, and the entire lower back is tied with a towel. Such a compress perfectly eliminates painful symptoms and eliminates muscle spasms.
  2. When your back hurts, a hot compress from an infusion prepared with a mixture of pain medications will help. This includes thyme, chamomile, St. John and the black elderberry. The compress is applied at night. The affected area is wrapped in warm cloth. It is recommended to carry out the treatment at night. An identical compress is prepared from the infusion of dried burdock leaves.
  3. Another treatment with folk remedies is based on the healing properties of horse chestnut. First you need to grind the chestnuts into a powder. It is then mixed with camphor oil and melted lard. The ingredients are supplied in approximately the same quantity. The resulting ointment is spread on a slice of black bread and applied to the aching back like a gauze. Such a remedy can improve blood circulation, has nutritional and anti-inflammatory properties.

But remember, no matter how effective folk remedies are, it is still necessary to consult a doctor. After all, self-medication is always at your own risk and risk. In addition, it is possible that the treatment procedures only provide pain relief for a short time, then the pain will increase many times.


When back pain in the lumbar region, it is too late to take preventive measures. But in order not to face such a problem for as long as possible, you need to think about how to prevent it and what leads to it? It has been described above that people with sedentary or sedentary lifestyles, athletes, especially weightlifters and overweight people are all at risk.

Accordingly, the best way to prevent disease will be to force morning exercise, sports, therapeutic exercises, reduce the load on the back, massage, control nutrition, . . . In addition, to eliminate these diseases. What can cause low back pain, regularly scheduled check-ups with the attending physician will help.

been examined by a doctor for back pain

First aid

What to do if the lower back hurts very badly and is too far to go to the hospital? How to quickly relieve back pain to wait for a doctor? To do this, you need to know some first aid methods. Of course, they won't have a healing effect, but they will help relieve the pain. So we do everything in stages:

  1. We lie on our backs, on hard beds or on the floor. Had to remove the blanket from the bed.
  2. Simultaneously, the legs are raised and bent at the knees. For added convenience, place a pillow or rolled blanket under your raised legs.
  3. We take the usual dose of the pain reliever or anti-inflammatory that we have.
  4. We lie down and try not to make sudden movements.
  5. During this process, don't forget to call your home doctor.
  6. In most cases, you will need rest and bed rest for the next few days. After the doctor examines you, make a call to work and notify your supervisor.
  7. Try to avoid spicy and smoked foods during and after treatment.