The formation of correct posture in children largely depends on the environment. The duty of parents and the workers in the nursery, to schools, to follow the correct position for children to stand, sit, walk, and use the exercises to develop primarily the muscles of the back, legs, abdomen. This ensures that the child has developed the natural muscular corset.
The spine (vertebral column) is a significant part of the axial skeleton consists of 33-34 vertebrae, which are connected by ligaments, and joints.
In the womb the baby's spine, it looks like a single arc. When the child of light, straighten the spine, nearly in a straight line. The birth from the moment it begins to form posture. The skill of keeping the head in the lifted position, the cervical spine, the baby's gradually happening, leaning forward, called cervical lordosis. If the time has come when the child already knows how to sit, thoracic spine is also shaped bending, only backwards (kyphosis). But if the child begins to walk, the lumbar a little curved, the convexity facing forward. This is the lumbar lordosis. Therefore, it is important to follow the correct formation of a child's posture.
Posture, the ability of the individual to keep their body in various positions. This is good and bad.
Posture is correct, if the calm person, the to the normal position, the active extra stress, keep your head up, body straight. In addition, there is an easy walk, slightly reduced, loose shoulders forward facing, chest, abs, legs, straight to the knee.
The incorrect posture, the person is not able to properly keep your body, therefore, as a general rule, standing, moving on the ground, legs bent, shoulder, head, stick in the abdomen. This posture interferes with the normal functioning of the internal organs.
Various violations of posture, regardless of whether hot, lordosis, kyphosis, or scoliosis (lateral curvature of the spine) is quite common in children preschool and school ages. Most of the kids, or physically impaired, or suffer from a chronic disease, or who has suffered severe illness in early childhood.
The prevention of all disorders related to posture, be comprehensive, and based on the following principles.
With the proper nutrition.
The constantly developing body of the child all growth needs of useful nutrient. The diet should be full varied, as this depends on how appropriate the development of muscles, the bones.
The locomotor activity.
It is very important that the children's health posture, exercise, various sports (especially skiing, swimming), gymnastics, tourism, active outdoor games, etc. You should be aware that if the physical development does not force the child to be sharp, but quick loading.
Correct mode of the day.
To avoid problems with posture not only need to arrange the correct mode of the day (walking, sleeping, waking, feeding, etc.), but strictly observe it, without any exception, for example, over the weekend.
Comfortable children's room.
Competent corrective shoes.
Fair, accurate, timely selection of children's shoes allows parents to avoid or eliminate many of the problems, as, for example, the functional shortening of the limb, which is the incorrect posture, or compensation, the errors feet (clubfoot, flat feet).
Uniform load distribution.
It is known that the most of the school age, when children experience rapid growth of bone, muscle mass, and they, unfortunately, get a curvature of the spine. This happens for the reason that at this age the child's spine that is not adequate for the heavy loads. Parents should try not to overload your child when wearing a backpack, rucksack or bag. Remember that the standard weight, which has made it possible to increase your child, 10% of the total body mass.
Back to school backpack, smooth, solid, of a width of not more than shoulder width. Furthermore, the pack should not hang below the belt, straps need to be soft, wide, adjustable length. It is unacceptable that for a long time carrying heavy bags on one shoulder, which is especially important for girls. In this case, the curvature of the spine may be unavoidable.
Like the book of heavy loads, it is known that the lean to the crowds, elevators, that's a huge load on the spine can't be. Correct would be to sit down first with a flat back, then, tension in the chest, lifting, carrying. As well as advice to parents: even if you don't follow this rule and teach your children.
To the growth, development of muscles, the child can safely start the moment of his birth. Thus, the increase in power of more rapid development. In infants, it is a great help to the massage (recipe).
The kid at the age of 2-3 months to begin doing exercise to workout the muscle groups responsible for holding your body in the correct position. That's enough to be with her palms, raising children, moving to position to "lie", the "off" position, and long to hold him in the air. In this situation, the muscles, joints, and the baby moves, the training, all the muscle groups.
After 1.5 years in the form of a game, a child starts to the tournament. Together you can "chop wood", "cat" arch your back, "pump the water" walk on the drawn lines, like the rope, rolling on the floor, cross the obstacles, etc. ask the child to draw a bird: lie on your stomach, "spread wings" (arms to the side), then hold the ankle of the feet.
The posture of the child is formed before puberty. All this time, you need to follow the formation. If a child has been, was a definite violation, while this period can be improved. The children regularly visit the podiatrist while he was in the account, and then go through all the available types of treatment. This can be a therapeutic exercise, swimming, massage, physiotherapy, manual therapy, surgical treatment (indications).
The formation of correct posture in children and prevent violations during the lessons of morning gymnastics, physical culture, in these moments at home, especially in the preschool and school institutions using a variety of useful exercises. The following are examples of such practices.
Dear parents, to remind, to tell the child to "Sit up straight" of course, but it's still not enough. Start to worry about the health of the children "from the cradle" , be sure to find the time to practice with them. It was an important moment in the formation of the correct posture, the child a personal example. The exercises of the child, keep your back straight and healthy!