Pain in the lower back: causes of pain in the lower part of the spine, what to do

Many people know the symptoms, "sore back". Usually the discomfort associated with various diseases of the spine, but in practice it often turns out that the cause of the other. Often, pain in the lower back occurs in women late in pregnancy as the spine experiences more stress than usual.

The reason can be various diseases of the internal organs, degenerative changes in the bone-cartilage unit in the lower part of, etc. the sedentary lifestyle, intense working conditions, professional sports, obesity may be because of the pain in the lower part of the spine.

Lower back pain doctors the term "lumbalgia". This is a common phenomenon, which is characterized by the sudden appearance and disappearance of the pain syndrome. Some patients undergo a short course of treatment, not unpleasant, others that treatment for months, even years. To determine the exact cause of the pain in the lower back, should be examined first by a physician and the direction to the professionals.


Most often the lower back pain a symptom of various diseases of musculoskeletal system. Often, unpleasant disorder, the people who spend a lot of time in front of the computer, in the car, doing heavy physical work, throwing yourself at the gym. The risk group includes pregnant women, or women who have recently given birth.

Diseases accompanied by pain in the lower back

Back pain lower you can indicate diseases such as osteochondrosis or spondylosis. It's called the primary cause of pain related to functional and morphological changes in the spine.

Among the secondary causes of lower back pain:

  • neoplastic processes of the vertebrae, the spinal cord;
  • injuries to the vertebrae;
  • the infectious process of the intervertebral discs, the vertebrae;
  • metabolic diseases of the bones (osteoporosis, osteomalacia);
  • inflammatory diseases of infectious etiology (rheumatoid arthritis, spondylitis);
  • acute hemodynamic instability (e.g., stroke);
  • associated with diseases of decreased growth;
  • gastrointestinal disease (atypical acute appendicitis, bowel obstruction);
  • kidney disease (urolithiasis pain behind unilateral, more often on the right side);
  • diseases of the pelvic organs.

Thus, the cause of the pain is not always rooted in the lesions of the musculoskeletal system. If the pain is caused by dysfunction of the internal organs, radiation to the nature. In addition, the men back pain spine at the bottom of the chronic prostatitis, prostate cancer, although this phenomenon is not always necessary.

The pain appears after a long walk, which suggests spinal stenosis. The disease is manifested in the syndrome of intermittent claudication. The people, in addition, complaining about cramps, and muscle pain while walking. The age of developing the condition as a rheumatic polymyalgia. First, the slight pain, then the feeling of stiffness in the hands or feet.

The most common causes of pain below the waist, right side, left side, or the center of the lower back pain. Instrumental methods of examination will help you identify the different degenerative changes in the spinal column. Them the space of the discs of the spine gradually reduced, that the development of the balance, the structure of the entire spine.

This leads to lower back pain that is localized to the left or right, or in the course of the spine.

Another source of lower back pain – the presence of inter-vertebral hernia. In the case of the infringement, the compression of the nerve roots are strong enough, sharp pain, that at the initial stage helps steroid and non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs.

Symptom of the adverse result lumbodynia, which manifests itself in the various symptoms. Pain along the nerve root radiating into the buttocks, leg. Discomfort when bending (even when tilting the head down), laugh, cough, etc. Pain syndrome is worse when lifting lying straight leg.

Obviously, as the back pain

The symptoms of back pain varied, depending on the existing pathology. When stretched, the pain in the form of a manifest of the cramps, while the movement is limited. Syndrome pain radiates to buttocks, thighs. It's hard to bend down to turn the situation. If the damaged roots give pain in the lower part of the body, with feeling of numbness.

Osteochondrosis symptoms gradually increase. The first, the pain, confusion, with one hand, the character is not expressed. The development of the pain abnormal process of becoming stronger, harder to claim pain affects a large area. After a long stay in one position the pain is aching in nature.

If the kidney damage pain appears not in the lower back, approximately level with the 12 pairs of ribs. However, the renal colic the pain radiates down syndrome, the ureter gives to the groin. The pain is unbearable, very strong painkillers don't help. The characteristic symptom is a unilateral localization.


Why your back hurts, you can stop, just the doctor. In any case not engage in self-diagnosis and self-treatment. The diagnosis is based on the patient's complaints, clinical symptoms, anamnesis data, results of instrumental methods. Patient is prescribed x-rays, myelography, MRI, CT, or other types of surveys.

Computed tomography effective, extremely informative way of different structural changes in the spine caused by injury, infectious process, tumor formation, osteoporosis, and other diseases. Based myelography with the use of contrasting materials. The method is a suspicion of spinal stenosis, hernia, tumors, and other pathological processes in the spine.

x-ray of the back


What to do if back hurts, you can say, just a qualified mechanic. Tactics of treatment depends on the underlying cause of the pain. It is not recommended to use pain relievers because they provide only a temporary effect (or, in certain diseases, doesn't help), it's "oiling" the clinical picture, as well as exacerbate the disease process, the person continually removes the pain, delaying the visit to the doctor.

The main principle of the treatment the treatment is not pain as such but its causes. So, osteochondrosis requires a series of measures. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, the disease is used as a symptomatic treatment in the period of the swing. Such drugs include Diclofenac, Nimesulide etc. but there are a number of contraindications (eg, stomach ulcer).

Can also be applied to the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory creams. In some cases, require steroid anti-inflammatory drugs. The main events held in the period without exacerbation and physical therapy, complete therapeutic massage, organization of the proper day, diet, nutrition.

Also appointed physiotherapy, acupuncture, chiropractic, etc. without exacerbation of the doctors suggested that the therapy practice. This is the best way to strengthen the back, relieve the tension, muscle spasm. Therapeutic physical exercises (physical therapy) compulsory the programme for the prevention of back pain.

Classes are the best job under the supervision of the instructor, but a few simple exercises can be performed at home:

  • Lie on back, arms stretched along the body, legs slightly bent at the knee. Legs to deflect to the right of the body, head slightly to the left (the main thing – do not overdo it). After five seconds, return to starting position, repeat the same on the other side. A total of ten repetitions.
  • To get down on my knees to lean on the chair. Arch your back upwards, then the maximum SAG. Up to ten repetitions.
  • Lie on your back, straighten your legs. Raise the right leg 20 cm above the floor, hold it until the exhaustion. The same thing happened to the left leg. Five repetitions on each leg.

Good effect gives massage, manual therapy. These procedures should be performed only by trained mechanic. The inadequate implementation violates the technician conduct can cause significant damage. During a session of manual therapy in the hands of a professional through the whole area at different levels (fascia, bone structure, etc.).

Special attention should be paid to the neural level. Specialist has a direct effect on neurons through palpatory manipulation. A chiropractor is able to slow down or speed up the neural chain. The recently growing popularity of acupuncture. The course consists of several procedures designed for pain relief, muscle relaxation.

The presence of excess body weight diet. Preference should be given to herbal, low-calorie food. Proteins the third of the daily diet. You can eat lean fish, poultry, meat, eggs. In addition, the protein is located in legumes, buckwheat, mushrooms, nuts (for them it is important not to overdo it). Fat consumption is recommended to unsaturated (lamb, white fish, nuts, vegetable oils).

The diseases of the osteoarticular system, the important role played by vitamin, Vitamin D can be found in the greens, onions, vegetables, orange, yellow colors, cod liver oil, liver, egg yolk. Vitamin D synthesized under the influence of sunlight. It is also possible to obtain a small amount of milk, butter, egg yolks, cod liver, caviar. The bone health should consume adequate amount of phosphorus (bran, lettuce, cabbage, cheese, fish) , calcium (liver, eggs, cheese, nuts, cabbage).


The presence of the back pain the best to consult the therapist on the basis of the collected data will determine the further tactics. The presence of the disease, the internal organs of the patient going through many more tests, sent to specialists. The main rule is that you must learn to be patient not to self-medicate, all disease manifestations, to immediately contact a specialist.