Most often, a sore back, because the lumbar spine has the greatest mobility to bear weight of the upper half of the body. Pain in the lumbar region with a separate title — lumbago, if he gives you the leg — sciatica. Rarely, pain occurs in the thoracic spine. If the pain is acute or extends (gives) the side, or arm, it is called "lumbago" or "sciatica". This type of pain is usually related to compression of the spinal nerves.
Back pain, lower back pain may appear suddenly after heavy, if it's awkward to turn. Sometimes discomfort in the back develop gradually, over a number of years exertion or improper posture. Rarely are the cause of pain cannot be established. The pain can worsen at night, under load, or after a long to find the uncomfortable pose, for example, after a long trip in the car. Often the pain goes away lying down on a flat, hard surface.
In most cases, back pain within a few days or a week, then I feel better and my mobility is completely restored. To speed the healing help of pain relievers and a specific mode of physical activity: the rest is just in the first 1-2 days, especially strong pain and gradually returning to an active lifestyle. However, in some cases, the back or low back pain lasting more than 6 weeks. And then talking about the development of the chronic back pain, prescribe additional treatment.
Plays an important role in mood. Because of the pain that may be difficult to maintain a good mood, but the studies show that the positive-minded people generally heal faster than those who are depression.
The back pain causes
Back to health depends on the smooth operation of a complicated mechanism of bones, muscles, nerves, joints. Often determine exactly, because the pain can be difficult. Fortunately, serious illness or back injury is rare. Most commonly, back pain, or back caused light injuries, muscular strain, stretching of the muscles, ligaments, infringement, inflammation of the nerves. Discomfort in the back can't happen suddenly, or gradually develop increasing. Possible causes of back pain, lower back:
- awkward movements: tilt, or rotate the house;
- lifting and carrying heavy objects, prolonged bending of the trunk;
- incorrect posture when walking or sitting;
- the excessive stretching of back muscles;
- prolonged driving without stopping.
Sometimes it starts the disease for no apparent reason, for example, in the morning, after sleep.
Risk factors of back pain
Certain risk factors increase the likelihood of back pain or lower back:
- Overweight, while the spine bear a greater load. To understand that your weight is normal, calculate the body mass index.
- Smoking — can be harmful to the tissues of the back and the smokers are usually less likely to lead a healthy lifestyle.
- Pregnancy a woman's spine is subject to additional load, which increases the volume of the stomach.
- The prolonged intake of drugs that reduce bone density such as corticosteroids.
- Stress — it is believed that the constant anxiety increases muscle tension, neck, which can cause pain.
Diseases that can cause back pain, lower back:
- Osteochondrosis, as well as the complications, such as herniation of the spine — degenerative disease, in which collapse of the inter-vertebral cartilage, which is the pain. These diseases often develop with age, especially in people who experience heavy load on his back.
- Stretching ligaments and muscles, which often occurs after excessive physical exertion or awkward movement.
- Different types of arthritis inflammatory disease of the joints. In this case, in addition to the pain, marked morning stiffness in the joints, decreased mobility.
- Kidney disease, such as pyelonephritis can cause pain in the lower back.
Not dangerous, but very rare cause of back pain. For example, cancer, tuberculosis of the spine, aortic aneurysm (separation of the walls of the large blood vessels), etc. they are usually diagnosed during the examination the doctor.
Diagnosis of pain in back and rump
Back pain, lower-back, often to cope at home with medication sold at the pharmacy without a prescription. Hospital treatment is usually not necessary. If the pain is severe, seek help from the doctor to the doctor. If the pain does not give you to move, then call the doctor at home.
During the examination the doctor will ask you to sit, stand, walk, alternately lift the legs, you can also check the range of motion in the back. You may ask, previous illnesses or injuries, the lifestyle, the nature of the work:
- When did the pain start?
- Where does it hurt?
- Mind back to the past?
- Can you describe the pain?
- The pain intensifies, or going?
The survey, examination, the doctor will try to rule out infection, fracture, though very rare. In the case if the contested diagnosis, you may be referred for further investigation: magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or x-ray of the spine. To avoid kidney disease doctor ordered a urine test.
In most cases, back pain can not be removed in a few days. If the treatment doesn't help, back pain lasts more than 6 weeks (known as chronic back pain), or because the disease is a serious disease, the therapist will you to a specialist. Most often the treatment of back pain, lower back pain dealing with the neurologist. In addition, the treatment is to connect to a doctor, like an osteopath, reflexologist, chiropractor.
Treatment back lumbar
The treatment of pain depends on the duration, severity and your personal preference and needs. Most often the pain is to remove the non-prescription medicines, treatment at home.
In previous years it was believed that if you have back pain need to rest. It is now accepted that the people who get up early, to quickly cope with back pain, lower back pain. Complete quiet, resting only 1-2 days after the acute phase when the pain is very pronounced, not moving. In this case, it is recommended to lie on the hard, smooth surface. As soon as his condition slightly improved gradually to return to a mobile life, expand the range of motion a little bit every day.
Gradually you will be able to move around the house or shopping. Some discomfort, and learn to avoid something causing the severe pain. A few days later you can return to work without waiting for the moment when the pain in the back, or lower back will be completely (of course, if the work is not related to the excessive load on the spine). Early activation you get back to your normal daily routine, distraction from the pain.
Are medicines which relieve spasm of the skeletal muscles, to relax the muscles. These are appointed in cases where a muscle excessive tension on the spine increasing the pain, which can be, for example, when aggravation of degenerative disc disease or a herniated disc. Muscle relaxants side effects, which many of them do not take over the government. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a physician.
Treatment of heat or cold
A little pain will help you warm, e.g., hot bath or a heating element in the sore spot. Also to relieve the condition cold, for example, if the applied to the lower back ice or bag of frozen vegetables. Do not apply the ice directly to the skin, as this may cause frostbite. Wrap it in a wet towel, and then apply to the affected area. You can also alternate heat therapy with cold application of alternating ice with a heating pad.
Change your posture, your sleep can alleviate the tension of the rear, to relieve the pain. If you sleep on the side, a little pull on the leg, the chest, put a pillow between your legs. If back, place a pillow under your knees to support the natural curve of the spine in the lumbar region.
This is an extremely important element of dealing with the pain, because if you worry too much, because muscle tension, which can exacerbate the pain. Studies show that the positive-minded people usually heal faster. The pain will go away in the long, chronic. There are various relaxation techniques. As a rule, it is recommended that you learn breathing exercises, simple exercises, alternating tension, relaxation of various muscles of the body.
Exercise, healthy lifestyle
Try to eliminate the cause of the pain in the back that prevents the back to the future. The most common cause of back pain — being overweight, poor posture, or stress. Regular exercise, an active lifestyle will help your back strong and healthy. Most people prefer to do it the walking, the swimming, the yoga. Most importantly — choose what you like, but don't cause pain. Sometimes classes are conducted in groups under the guidance of a qualified instructor. In general, classes run exercises to strengthen the muscles, improve the posture, as well as aerobic exercise, stretching exercises.
The treatment of chronic back pain
If back pain lasts more than 6 weeks (known as chronic back pain), in addition to the analgesics, muscle relaxants used below are described methods of dealing with pain. These therapies can help those who have back pain, stop to do the usual routine, alarm.
The back pain prevention
Strong, flexible back is the best way to avoid the pain. Therefore, the most effective prevention is regular exercise, correct posture, safety when lifting and carrying heavy loads.
If you have regular back pain, try the following:
- To lose weight, if obese. Too much body weight can't more lower back stress.
- Wearing orthopedic shoes with a low heel, which reduces the load on the spine while walking.
- Avoid sudden movements you may find that the stretching of the muscles.
- To learn how to cope with the stress, the fears, the concerns, which enhance the back pain.
The correct posture, sound sleep, back pain
Posture has a significant impact on the health of the back. Permanent, always try to keep your body straight, straight, don't hunch. Distribute the weight equally on both feet, do not bend them. Sit straight, to focus on the lower back. Knees, hips should be level, the feet stand on the ground (if necessary, use a footstool). Sometimes comfortable below the waist a small pillow or rolled up towel. For example, if I type on the keyboard, the forearms must lie horizontally, the elbow should be bent at a right angle.
If you spend a lot of time behind the wheel, make sure that the court's emphasis on the waist. If you adjust the rear-view mirrors, you don't have to bend it back. The pedal should be in front of the leg. The long journey with regular stops to stretch the back.
Sleep must serve a place to relax the whole body, including the back. This is a rather hard mattress, so you don't bend under the weight of the body, the shoulders, the buttocks, like a hammock. If the bed is too soft, place a firm Board or the board of Directors (ideally, 2 cm thick) under the mattress. The head lay on the pillow, but the neck should not be bent in a large angle.