Treatment of the feet, valgus in children the age of 1 year, but a little bit older leads to a favourable prognosis — the likelihood that a full resolution of the problem approaches 100%.
Among the orthopedic diseases, the children, the change in the foot is the most common pathology. Represents the curvature of the lower limbs, on the inner side. Develops under the influence of various external and internal factors. The shape of the leg: the axis shifted, the corner looks to the external, the internal surface of the leg inward, deformed fingers. When tightly pressed together, knees distance between ankles 4-5 cm
When detected late, advanced cases of the disease in adolescence a problem in the spine. The later treatment is started, the less chance of full recovery.
Deformation of the feet in children is a congenital anomaly or acquired disease. In all cases, the correct location of the stop relative to each other. The changes lead to the fact that the main load when walking, the inner surface of the leg. The presence of symptoms in children 3 years of age according to the changes in stage of the pregnancy. The diagnosis by an orthopedic surgeon after a thorough examination.
The factors that the momentum of the development of the pathology are the following:
If the child early begins to walk (up to 1 year), or forcing parents in many cases, the foot is deformed. At a young age is the formation of ligaments, which are often not ready to load.
The congenital malformations of the musculoskeletal system in children — strain, which can develop during pregnancy, the mother, and after birth. The curvature in the case of congenital hallux valgus is very pronounced. This is due to the various errors of the individual elements of the musculoskeletal system, abnormal gene or chromosome. Breaking the bones of the foot, the form, in the womb. Deformation of the stop can be seen in the first months after the appearance of a baby into the world.
An example of the genetic disorder Edwards syndrome – abnormality in a specific chromosome, which can be found in hard to the curvature of the legs of the newborn don't swing.
Another reason for the congenital, valgus feet, the child used number of diseases that are not diagnosed in the first weeks of life:
The acquired form is the result of exposure to one or more factors after birth. Initially, the main reason for the weak device to the foot, which is a violation to the appropriate position. This condition is not diagnosed in the first days after birth. The development of the pathology can affect:
Foot pain, at the end of the day – the most common complaint of the child, the deformity. Objective pathology is manifested in the following common features:
Define three types of disease:
Develop primarily two types of deformity:
Four stages of the disease:
Deformity of the big toe, can to pathology. The curvature of the first toe depends on the extent of pathology. The correction of the bone to perform:
Correction change the foot in children include restoring the normal position, the joints, muscles, ligaments of the leg. The goal of treatment is the possibility of walking without pain, discomfort. The therapy should be covered. The treatment of valgus, the foot, the child uses:
Medical drugs is an X-shaped gap of the lower limbs are used to relieve inflammation and pain in the joints. The Nsaids (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) or corticosteroids is assigned to the symptomatic aim. These are short-term, dangerous for children side effects.
Modern treatment kinesio therapy is an innovative method of treatment and prevention of diseases of the musculoskeletal system. On this basis, the effects on the muscles by using a special tape – kinesio therapy. The method name is formed out of two words: "kinesio" movement "teip" – usually the tape. To apply a special tape of flexible material, adhesive, does not cause allergies. The method teip developed a few years ago, a Japanese doctor Kenzo KASE in the treatment of sports injuries. The future is widespread. Kinesio therapy in the hallux valgus of the children used in the recent years. This is due to the security method are: the use does not restrict the movement, discomfort, to allergies.
The material from which made teip:
The correct gluing of the teip will speed up the healing of the joints, ligaments, or muscles without the use of drugs can stop the progression of the pathological changes. This safe method will help you:
Rules kinesio therapy:
The flat arch of the feet changes in muscle tissues, which disturb the blood circulation in the future– to the development of irreversible processes. Therefore, the massage is an essential part of the treatment. This is one of the physiotherapy methods effect. Special skills for its implementation is not mandatory, so you can make at home. The course is 10 sessions, if necessary, it is recommended to be repeated every 3-4 months. The total time for a time of 20-30 minutes. Let's start with a general massage of the child on his back lying on stomach with stretched along the body hands and turned sideways on the head. Movement hand pressure to hurt.
Use the following methods:
The use of massage:
The baby is under 2 weeks ago, this method ceased to be of serious health problems, including hip dysplasia. In this case, the structural therapy is a specially developed technique on the spot and vibration massage. These help to redistribute the load on the joints. Feedback – improves blood circulation, as well as the disappearance of pain.
The use of physical therapy for hallux valgus in children allows to correct disturbances in the joints and cure the disease in its early stages. Widely use:
In the early stages of the deformity the child is treated with special exercises. The regular use helps in the right almost all the diseases of the joints. The elements of the physiotherapy should be performed daily. The purpose of the physical therapy, separately, of course, depends on the deformation. Contains elements of the game that the child can carry items many times.
Two different shoes, in time it can deform the legs to bend the big toe. Quality shoes contributes to the normal development of the muscles of the legs. When this is selected, you need to consider:
The right shoes need to have a closed, rigid heel arch support. Not free durable wearing sandals without heel is fixed.
The treatment of the leg is recommended to use special orthopedic equipment
The best prevention for the problems of foot — barefoot. This should be done not only on a horizontal surface (floor), but is also difficult terrain. If there is no possibility for the child to run along the ground, grass, and various bumps, the other alternative is that the Swedish wall, which the parents buy, and then install the nursery of the child. Working the muscles, the tendons of the foot while climbing. Recommended barefoot baby carpet convex elements, which can be purchased in the baby store, or orthopedic salon.
The treatment of club-foot, the children held by a conservative. Radical intervention is used when there is no effect on the treatment of older children, where on the basis of the musculoskeletal system is formed, there is no active growth of ribbons. Surgical correction consists of several levels, surgery, a long rehabilitation period under the fourth stage of the disease, if:
Direct surgical intervention. Therefore, the operation is planned based on the extent of the disease, the feet, the presence, the scattering angle of the limb.
Sore feet lead to a change in the entire musculoskeletal apparatus. This is due to the unequal load. :