Back pain experienced at least once in the life of every man. The doctors believe that this is the inevitable result of bipedalism. The Modern man is strengthened to the physical inactivity, poor nutrition, stress. Back pain in children and adolescents is also not uncommon.
Fortunately, timely treatment, many processes in children are reversible. Therefore, the parents are always attentive to the child, don't ignore the complaints of deterioration of health.
Back to the pain the baby causes
The causes of back pain in children is diverse. It can be congenital degenerative changes in the spine, diseases of the internal organs, the consequences of infection, and the physical load.
The baby skeleton is not yet formed, the cartilage tissue of the vertebrae, it is weaker than the adult. Also not developed back muscles. Overload can occur due to prolonged wearing of heavy portfolio, especially if it is matched incorrectly. In particular, are in danger, a soft backpack that the kid on the shoulder. The load is unevenly distributed, certain muscles are always in constant tension and the other relaxed. The incorrect physiological position of the back pain. If the process is valid only muscles, to improve the situation easily. Need to pick up your child's backpack with an orthopedic back, wide straps.
Pain in the back due to overload often occurs in children involved in sports, for example, when you jump. This is especially true for the first time, while the body isn't used to the load. The parents in the pursuit to the sports results of the child completely forgets the health to strive for a grueling workout every day. The muscles, ligaments don't have time to recover, so the young athlete has chronic pain. To eliminate the pain, we need to develop the appropriate training system to rest, the children had the time to get it back.
Physical inactivity plagued the modern society. Unlike the nature, which includes great mobility, the children, the children spend a lot of time on the computer. The parents are afraid to let the kids out, I couldn't find the time to drive the child to the sports section. A constant static load on the spine caused by pain in the back. Add to this the lack of fresh air, improper diet. The combination of these factors causes the development of scoliosis, degenerative disc disease. This explains the large part of young people to serious back pain.
Not properly organized sleeping place
Doctors recommend sleeping on a hard surface. This is especially important for children, as the spine is susceptible to deformation.
The spinal cord injury can lead to the child when it's raining, the sudden movements, exercises for the back muscles without the warm up. The pain occurs not immediately, but after some time, when the ridge formed the focus of inflammation.
Myositis is an inflammatory process in the muscles of the back. This can be primary, i.e. it may happen that due to injury, or to a draft, or, in the alternative, that the infections, for example flu, or sore throat. Pain syndrome occurs in a certain area of the back, muscles tense, pain increases with palpation. Also there may be swelling, puffiness, on the site of the lesion.
Scoliosis — curvature of the spine is the most common pathology in children. The disease appears, for several reasons: congenital anomalies, infection, trauma, poor posture. First external signs of the disease are absent, the child complained of a stiff back, pain when bending the torso twists, after a long sitting. 2-3 stages of scoliosis becomes apparent asymmetry of the shoulder blades, pelvic bones, hunched-over posture. If the time does not begin treatment, the child has violated the function of internal organs, it will be difficult to move independently.
It is accepted that osteochondrosis is a disease of the elderly. However, degenerative changes in the spine, often diagnosed in childhood. This as a result of the spine congenital abnormalities may be due to the incorrect posture, and insufficient physical activity. In fact, the kid's start, early ageing of the spine. Diagnosis the disease is difficult, because the symptoms are not expressed. The child may feel discomfort in the back, but don't tell your parents. Warning the following symptoms: frequent headaches, sleep disorder, fatigue, blurred vision, disturbance of the internal organs.
Tumors of the spine
Fortunately, tumors of the spine in children is rare. The tumor pressing on the nearby blood vessels, nerves, causing pain. If benign tumors of minor pain syndrome persists for a long time. If the process is malignant, the pain increases, it's hard to stop the pain.
Because the renal colic pyelonephritis, or kidney stones. Also found a congenital abnormality of the structure of the kidney. Renal colic is usually accompanied by sharp pain, fever, pain when urinating, frequent urination in the toilet.It is possible to detect traces of blood in the urine, it changes color, smell.
Back to the stomach, the child became ill after suffering an infectious disease, like the flu. The virus spreads through the body, which is an active immune response. The result, fever, pain, muscles, joints. Usually the discomfort subsides after the removal of the acute period. If the pain persists for a long time after recovery, this indicates that the development of complications.
Why back pain in teenage girls?
Groin, the teenage girls pain before the menstrual cycle. The body under serious hormonal changes, which prepare the girl to adulthood. Little pain before menstruation or the first day of the menstruation is normal. The uterus is reduced, the endometrium is removed. Smooth muscle spasm — this is the source of pain.
Maybe the girl inflammation of the pelvic organs. Severe pain accompanied by endometriosis. In this situation, you need a full workup. In the initial stages of the disease more susceptible to treatment.
Cause pain, you should consult a neurologist or orthopedic doctor. First, the doctor will conduct a survey to find out what preceded the symptoms, what the pain is, how long the discomfort. Then carried out an external inspection for signs of abrasions, bruising, curvature of the spine.
To confirm the diagnosis, prescribe the following methods of examination:
- General analysis of urine, blood.
- Ultrasound of the internal organs. The girls performed to exclude abnormalities of the uterus, ovaries.
- X-rays of the spine. Allows you to detect the effects of trauma, specific changes in vertebrae, degenerative disc destruction due to osteoarthritis.
- MRI, CT scan, the spine is carried out, if you can't find the cause of the pain. MRI application to diagnose even minimal disturbances, changes in tissue blood flow.
The choice of treatment depends on the cause of the pain. If you have a fracture, or displacement of the vertebrae, that often requires surgical intervention. The scoliosis treatment, and degenerative disc disease apply physical therapy, massage manual therapy. The teenagers have to wear an orthopedic corset, at the initial stage of scoliosis a positive result.
If the pain is caused by prolonged static tension, the children, the recommended dose of exercise, the normalization of the mode of the day. When the pain is caused by congestion, should reduce the intensity of sports training. Help a relaxing massage.
The pain, you can apply with the following medications:
- Spasm resolved. Relax smooth muscles, relieve the muscle spasm.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs be used in extreme cases when the pain syndrome too strong.
- Anti-inflammatory ointments, and patches. Help, myositis, pain is caused by overload. Before applying make sure that your child is not allergic to, parts, products.
If the work the child in the day mode is organized properly, it will not appear in the back. Basic preventive measures:
- Proper organization of the workplace. Table, chair, student needs to meet the growth that is practical, comfortable. Now you can get special orthopedic chairs, which allow the child to slouch. The first day of school should be to teach the child to keep the back straight, then it will be the habit.
- Convenient portfolio. The younger students, this is most likely to bag a rigid orthopedic back, wide straps. They allow you to evenly distribute the load on the spine, back straight, shoulders straightened. The senior students also need to choose a backpack, or carry it on both shoulders.
- The agreement of the bed. The child can't sleep in the too soft mattress, a large pillow. The mattress should be semi-hard pillow is not too high. So during the night, the spine will be in the anatomically correct position, stay in the normal blood circulation.
- Dosing of physical load. Harmful to the kids lack of physical activity, excessive sports training. In every age, there are the standards of physical activity. You should know that the coach, teacher, physical education. It is impossible to load the child more than withstand the age.
- The correct posture. Incorrect posture comes from weak muscles. The child's muscles get tired for a long time in the same position, so the kids are constantly slouching. To maintain the correct posture you need to perform special exercises to strengthen the back muscles. Very good results, swimming, Jogging, gymnastics.