Osteochondrosis: what it is, symptoms, treatment

Osteochondrosis of a backbone, a destruction of a bone, cartilage of one or more of the spine. This is a chronic disease and develops in almost all older people. Due to This fact that normal aging is a process.

Lower back pain

The intervertebral discs undergo atrophic changes, and at what age this happens depends on many factors:

  • injury;
  • - since the disease, the overload of the spine.

Overload of the spine are the following:

  • walking with a curved back;
  • a bad meeting;
  • features of the structure of a spine;
  • a high nutrition of the spinal tissues because of genetic disorders.

Osteochondrosis you're located between a vertebrate disks, you lose a part of water. For this reason, the kernel violation of the metabolism, inhibits the access of the different minerals, vitamins.

After a while, a drive cracks, it's going to be the apartment. Who begins to admire the surrounding joints and ligaments, forming tissue inflammation. Due to inflammation there is a shift to an adjacent vertebrae. Dangerous appearance of root symptoms: pain, the track along the nerve affected.

Is it possible to get the look of a herniated disc, this in turn can trigger compression of the spinal cord. Degenerative disc disease is characterized by the appearance of joint – a bony process of a vertebra bodies. A can be Ezek tumors compress the spinal cord, and because radiculáriszt syndrome.

Most often, osteochondrosis of a theme to the neck and lumbar.

Cervical osteochondrosis

Look:

  1. sports activities (weight lifting);
  2. weight;
  3. the metabolic disorders;
  4. sedentary work ( programmers, accountants, managers, etc.);
  5. flat feet;
  6. injuries to the spine;
  7. the hypothermia.

Symptoms

The main symptoms of osteochondrosis of a cervical spine – pain in the head and neck. The people suffering from a strong headache, neck pain, radiation to the arm, pain in the sternum. It could be that a patient complaining of backache – a developed a sharp pain in the neck, muscle spasm of the muscles, as well as the restriction of movement.

The man can hear a crunch when turning the neck. Since it traps nerves, as well as a person's blood vessels may be numbness in tongue's case. The patient complained of decreased hearing, vision, increased blood pressure, weakness of the muscles of the hands and feet.

Thoracic osteochondrosis

This is a kind of osteoarthritis is fairly rare. It is due to This that the anatomical structure of a thoracic spine. It consists of 12 vertebrae, which are connected to the ribs at the expense of the joints. Front edge of the sternum. This will create a excellent framework, the spine, the sternum, the ribs, protecting the internal which organs the various injuries.

The thoracic vertebrae little ep-je, long spinous processes, which are located one above the other, like shingles. Because this is the structure of a spine has a little mobility. The intervertebral discs of the thoracic and rarely shock.

I look formation of a such a type of osteochondrosis:

  • effective load distribution;
  • the delay in the nutrition of the intervertebral discs;
  • sedentary work;
  • the presence of the scoliosis.

Symptoms

Mint different types, a main symptom of degenerative disc disease, pain in the chest.

But when breast osteochondrosis pain may vary. Dorsalgia is a long, uncomfortable, slight pain under the thoracic vertebrae. The pain can affect the neck or lumbar region.

Dort, the – one of the symptoms of osteochondrosis a chest, where the pain occurs in the form of attack. One was nature, the intense, sharp, driving, difficulty in breathing, which leads to the restriction of muscle movement. In addition to pain, patients may have numbness, a Breast, sexual dysfunction, pain in the heart, kidneys, stomach.

How dangerous lesions on a chest?

A spine is designed so that this is a thoracic region narrow, so that a hernia occurs due to a disc degenerative disease leads to compression of the spinal cord. This can easily lead to problems, a heart, pancreas, liver, kidney, because a thoracic spine associated with ezek a body of nerve fibers. Therefore, it is very important that you consult your doctor. This will help you to figure out what's bothering signs of osteoarthritis or to conduct competent a disease in the treatment.

Lumbar osteochondrosis

Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine occurs because of heavy lifting. Normal in the middle of a disc that you which a large quantity of water. Since the liquid you will be a little compressed, a gap to compression of 500 kg.

Affected by osteochondrosis, However, the record is weaker the difference is, a total of 200 kg. If a person weighing 70 kg will raise a 15 kg load is bent to a position, a spine, a load capacity of 200 kg — the disc may be broken. Therefore, the first symptoms of spinal osteochondrosis manifested when weight lifting.

Symptoms

  • pain in the lumbar region;
  • an impossible motion of the lower back;
  • sleep disturbance;
  • irritability;
  • fatigue;
  • an inability of a household's needs;
  • decreased function of the male sexual;
  • the menstrual cycle;
  • a syndrome "- about the cold feet".

The transition to a degenerative disc disease, a sacral region of the patient's pain, the kidney, and impaired urination.

Diagnosis

Treatment of osteochondrosis is carried out to a neurologist. The first is that he runs the tests, the vertebral column, draws attention to the presence of the scoliosis. After you feel the doctor understand that you will be able to be concerned with the spine, the tendons, nerves.

After a neurologist suspects osteochondrosis of a backbone, he would send the patient for further examination. This includes in the hallway, x-ray examination, magnetic resonance imaging. Suspect If you a fracture to the cartilage disc is a discography. The regulation is to determine the extent of the neural pathways.

In general, a diagnosis of "osteochondrosis" is very difficult. After all the people complaining about the pain in the heart -, liver -, kidney -, pancreas -, or sexual dysfunction. Yet, a careful a examination experience doctor you think that it is a high disease prescribe a treatment.

Treatment

Therapy osteoarthritis is a very long, difficult process. In the Acute period, the patient should be to the concerned segment. If the affected cervical spine, a patient must wear a retainer collar Trench. If it hurts in the lumbar spine – a patient in bed. This is the best place for a patient in the hospital. He Only will be able to fully comply with order system. Bed such patient needs to difficult. For this purpose a mat under a wooden shield.

Medication

Mint already mentioned, the main symptoms of the disease, the pain. Therefore, the patient for relief of pain or other symptoms of a degenerative disc disease is assigned painkillers.

Prescribe a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Unfortunately, a prolonged use of ezek drugs damage the mucous membrane of the gastro-intestinal tract, the patient displays the following symptoms:

  • nausea;
  • vomiting;
  • pain in the stomach;
  • a feeling of a difficulty there.

This can exacerbate peptic ulcers, or stomach bleeding may occur. So, before you use these medications, consult a physician. If the pain caused by degenerative disc disease, 3 months, together with ezek the drugs prescribed antidepressant. It was found that in addition to the calming effect, to reduce the pain.

The above drugs can be attributed to symptomatic treatment. They will help to relieve the pain, but it didn't help person a disease.

Restore the intervertebral discs, and cartilage are assigned chondroprotectors. Ezek drugs improve the metabolism of the connective tissue and contribute to cartilage regeneration. The drug is taken for a while, on average, 4 6 art.

In addition to a improve damaged tissue and improve your metabolism, and them, ezek a pain reliever medicine action. Another group of medications required, the spine osteochondrosis is a medication that improves blood circulation. The use contributes to the dilation of blood vessels, but if together with them, to get a drug antioxidants the person, improve the metabolism of the nerve cells.

Mint all disease, the patients required calcium supplements. He will restore the activity of bone tissues, increase the strength of ligaments, tendons, and the prevention of osteoporosis – a disease accompanying degenerative disc disease.

Practice under the pillow, the lower back

Physiotherapy

Dosage load on the spine improves the patient's condition. But to perform the exercises to be very accurate. In the acute phase physical exercise is contraindicated. Only subsided the pain, you can begin a little.

Exercise improves the blood circulation, a spine, strengthens the muscles. Since the blood circulation improves metabolism and it all starts with a damaged intervertebral discs. But I also noted, you need to take the classes regularly held, otherwise it will not be the result.

Practice a neck lesions

  1. Lie on your back and stand up straight. Place one hand on your abdomen and the other on his chest, down, lift up the air for 10 minutes, and then exhale while you rest. The exercise period of 3-5 minutes. A day 3-5 times.
  2. Lie on your stomach and straighten your legs. Relying on the stomach, the legs to raise the head, the top of the chest. Practice 3 to 5 minutes at intervals of 30 seconds.
  3. Lie on your back, bending you knees. In this situation, however, it is a right, not wrong, on the left side. Practice 3 to 5 minutes at intervals of 30 seconds.

Exercise lesions of a dorsal

  1. Lay on your stomach. Upr other navigation hands on the ground, arch your back. Hold this position for 5 to 10 seconds. Exercise 3 to 5 minute intervals 20 seconds.
  2. Lie on your back. Raise the head and feet (the"vessel"). Hold for 10-20 seconds. Exercise 3 to 5 minute intervals 20 seconds.

Lesions Exercise the lumbar

  1. Lie on your back, bend one knee and press them to his chest. Rocking back, back and forth rolling back to a sacrum, and back. Swing to 2 minutes. You will need to lie down to rest.
  2. You need to be on all fours, and bend you as much as possible. Exercise 3 to 5 minute intervals 20 seconds.
  3. In the standing position, imagine that you spin a Hoop, 2 to 3 minutes. The exercises are performed 10 times a day.

Surgical treatment

In the absence of a treatment effect conservative complications of degenerative disc disease, which is surgical treatment. During the operation, finally, stabilization of a spine, to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or roots. If a person has a herniated disc removal. Since this operation may damage the spinal cord, nerves, carried out only the important signals.

Physiotherapy treatment

The physiotherapy has a positive effect on the course of the disease, accelerates the healing process. Osteochondrosis allowed:

Massage
  • the sauna or a bath;
  • swimming in the pool;
  • massage;
  • paraffin;
  • chiropractic;
  • laser treatment;
  • various baths;
  • mud;
  • electrophoresis is an anti-inflammatory drugs or muscle relaxants;
  • the magnetic therapy;
  • D'arsonval.

Ezek procedures, improves blood circulation in the infected area, relax the muscles, as well as to the whole relaxes body. Physiotherapy assigned to the rehabilitation period when you're not sick is a serious pain.

Prevention

A degenerative disc disease no one is immune. After all, what will happen to all the old, but with us getting older a test. In order to a I didn't mention the disease to ruin a design, even the young people a sport. Moderate exercise improves blood circulation, normal metabolism. Also the trains the muscles to protect the spine. The prevention of osteochondrosis, every brand should be:

  1. the question is this – the vitamins, mineral substances, necessary for the test;
  2. give up a bad habits;
  3. take part in a physical activity;
  4. don't slouch;
  5. protect a back exposure;
  6. don't lift too heavy objects;
  7. contrast to a shower, to ease;
  8. to avoid the stress.

People suffering from this disease it is especially important to follow these recommendations because failure to do so will result in aggravation. When you back a pain, a, which, in the long term, you need to seek help from a professional. A doctor can Only know that it has a high diagnosis a treatment.

Do not pull on a visit to a clinic because of a disease better manage an early stage. Furthermore, to self-medicate non – prescription, the contraindications, which you may not know. Strictly follow the doctor's recommendations, and then a disease is about to start!

29.06.2020